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Most Common Types Of Knee Injuries And Disorders

Knee injuries are usually painful and traumatic experiences in one or almost the entire tissues that make up the knee.

It may present a variety of symptoms when it occurs, some of these symptoms include:

Swelling, bruising, or misalignment of the knee joint, limited or unstable knee joint mobility.

When these happen, initial treatment of acute knee injuries should be carried out (ice, compression, elevation). In certain situations, it may be necessary to temporarily immobilize the knee Joint. Some common knee injuries…

Acute Knee Injuries

This type of injury commonly occurs during sports, in this case, training should be stopped immediately and the affected knee Should be cooled down as soon as possible. This will not only reduce pain, but it will prevent further swelling and bruising.

Acute Knee Injuries

To do this, use an ice pack or ice cube, to avoid localized frostbite, do not place the ice directly on the knee, it should be wrapped in a towel, then keep the knee Iced for the first few hours. However, if the healing is progressing and the acute bleeding has stopped, heat treatment such as (grain pillows, mud packs, or heat lamps may also be helpful.

Cruciate Ligaments Rupture

Cruciate ligaments are two ligaments in the knee, the first is called the anterior cruciate ligament and the second is called the posterior cruciate ligament, the name comes from the fact that they intercept in the middle of the knee, while one is at the front, the second is at the back.

Their job is to stabilize the knee, it also prevents the knee from shifting back and forth, suppresses the twisting of the knee, and prevents twisting. There are exceptional cases due to severe hard Impact where these ligaments could rupture.

Read More:- Understanding The Facts Behind Hip and Knee Joint Pain- A Comprehensive Guide


The cause of this is often unknown, but repeated and acute trauma may be some possible reasons. It may arise from infections and microcrystalline pathology. Symptoms include pain, especially with movement or pressure, swelling, and localized tenderness. 

Diagnosis is usually clinical. However, an ultrasound scan may be necessary to thoroughly evaluate the bursa. Diagnosis of infection and disease caused by crystal requires analysis of the bursa fluid. Treatment includes splint, NSAIDs, and sometimes corticosteroid injection and treatment of the underlying cause. If in doubt, consult your doctor.

Patella Luxation (Patella Dislocation)

This often affects young adults with underlying chronic patellofemoral abnormalities. This dislocation often resolves on its own. Patellar dislocation usually occurs when there’s a sudden change in direction, twisting of the knee, or force on the knee. Sometimes caused by knee force, such as in soccer, gymnastics, baseball)

Associated Lesions Include:

Osteoarthritis, patients with patellofemoral abnormalities, recurrent dislocation, or subluxation.

Read More:- Understanding The Reasons Behind Pain In Knees And Feet

Knee Fracture

This may involve fractures of the tibia plateau and fractures of the patellar. Knee fractures are usually caused by very violent impacts that can cause severe trauma, resulting in severe damage to the broken elements.

This does not only occur at the tibia plateau and patellar but also at the lower end of the femur. In some cases, these painful and disabling fractures must be treated quickly to optimally treat the broken joints. Your doctor should examine the exact extent of your knee injuries.

He will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and Initiate appropriate measures for further treatment. Depending on which structures of the knee are injured, in addition to pain treatment, physical therapy, or in individual cases, knee surgery may be required to treat whatever part of the knee is injured.

The knee plays an important part and functions in our body, some of which range from standing, running, squatting, and maintaining good posture, any injury to this part of the body can incapacitate a lot of individual functions.

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