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What Is ADHD, Its Symptoms, And Treatment

Have you encountered someone with an inability to sit still, acts out impulsively, or not able to focus? Well, these are common signs of a neurodevelopmental disorder called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Commonly known as ADHD, has many spectrums that can be instilled from childbirth or developed later in adulthood. 

You can see hyperactive and disruptive behaviors in the individuals with ADHD. In this blog, we are going to explore the mechanism, types, symptoms, and treatment of ADHD. If you see these symptoms in someone you know or are experiencing these symptoms, then this blog is for you. 

How Does ADHD Work?

ADHD is mostly diagnosed in childhood, but some spectrums are later diagnosed in late adulthood. Their brain works differently from the ones that do not have this disorder. There is no exact cause of this disorder but genetics play a vital role in it. Also, children who have experienced a traumatic event can develop this disorder

Working Of ADHD
ADHD and Brain

Symptoms Of ADHD

The common symptoms indicate hyperactivity or impulsivity. To understand this disorder more clearly below are the symptoms:

  • Forgetfulness
  • The compulsion to act out
  • Short attention span
  • Getting frustrated with trivial tasks
  • Angry Outbursts
  • Tantrums
  • Being overly active
  • Difficulty mingling 
  • Cannot wait in lines
  • Fidgeting 
  • Emotional Dysregulation
  • Poor handwriting
  • Crying
  • Careless mistakes without thinking about the situation thoroughly
  • Do not know when to stop talking

Also Read:- Effective Coping Strategies For Managing Post-Traumatic Stress

Types Of ADHD

There are three types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder that one can experience. But with time there may be changes in the spectrums and types.

➡️Inattentive Presentation

Individuals with this type of ADHD tend to have difficulty paying attention. They are not able to finish their daily tasks, or instructions even with help. You can never hold a conversation with them because they cannot keep track of the details. Females are more likely to develop this disorder than others.

➡️Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation

Individuals with this type of ADHD tend to have difficulty sitting still for a long time. They have the urge to talk a lot and even cannot tell when is the appropriate time to speak. You can always see children with ADHD acting impulsively such as running around, grabbing things, or climbing the walls. 

➡️Combined Presentation

This type of ADHD is a blend of both the types stated above. You can see both the symptoms of inattentiveness and compulsion in the individuals. Children often act in emotional responses that are traditionally not accepted by society.

Also Read:- The Ways That Obesity Can Reduce Your Health And Happiness

Treatment Of ADHD

To manage this, two approaches can effectively help children understand their disorder better and live happily. Therapies and Medications are two pillars of treatment for ADHD.

Behavioral Therapy

This therapy is used for mild cases and children in middle school. It focuses on cognitive abilities, psychoeducation, and maintaining interpersonal relations with the ones around them. Family therapy is also a part of this treatment when a child has experienced a traumatic event in their life and developed this disorder.


Managing ADHD with therapy and medication is recommended sometimes, but medication cannot fix the issues inside your head. Some popular medications are amphetamines and methylphenidate. These also come with side effects so consult with your doctor before consuming them.


ADHD does not show the same in everyone. This means the same type of ADHD may not affect the same way as it does in one. Introverts and extroverts both may have the same ADHD but they differ from each other. To make them feel heard, you should try a gentle approach and try to understand their feelings. Creating a safe environment where they can be themselves is the kind of support your children need. 

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