Many women eventually deal with menstrual pain in their lives. Period discomfort, sometimes known as “dysmenorrhoea” or “menstrual cramps,” is common and considered normal in the medical community. Although this monthly discomfort is thought to be typical, it can range in intensity from little annoyance to frequently intense, damaging pain.
Period pain is common, but it can sometimes signal a more serious underlying problem, especially if it’s severe and persistent. Some lifestyle choices might increase the probability of having excruciating periods. Period pain is also associated with smoking, obesity, alcohol use, anxiety, and depression.
Underlying Causes Of PCOS
Patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have elevated levels of androgens, the male sex hormones generally present in women in low amounts. The phrase “polycystic ovarian syndrome” describes a collection of microscopic cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that form in the ovaries. Contrarily, some women who do not have this syndrome may have cysts. Cysts do not always form in women with this condition.
During ovulation, an ovary releases a developed egg. This is done for a male sperm to fertilize it. The egg is discharged from the body during your period if it is not fertilized. The hormones needed for ovulation can occasionally be produced insufficiently by a woman.
In the absence of ovulation, the ovaries may develop a lot of small cysts. These cysts create androgens, which are hormones. In women with PCOS, androgen levels are usually increased. A woman’s menstrual cycle troubles could get worse as a result. And many of the symptoms of PCOS can be triggered by it.
In addition to your current symptoms, your doctor will ask about your medical history. A physical exam will also be given to you. This will usually include a pelvic exam. Your reproductive organs’ internal and exterior conditions are assessed during this examination. Several PCOS symptoms are also present in other medical diseases.
How To Detect PCOS
You may consequently be subjected to the following tests:
Ultrasound: Images of the organs, tissues, and blood vessels are produced during this examination using a computer and sound waves. Examining the ovaries’ size and checking for cysts the endometrium, which lines the uterus, can also be evaluated during the examination.
Blood tests: These check for increased androgen and hormone levels. A medical professional could also check your blood sugar levels. You could also get your triglyceride and cholesterol levels examined.
Factors Affecting PCOS Treatment
Treatment for PCOS is affected by several factors.
- Your Age
- Intensity Of The Symptoms
- General Health
The type of treatment may also depend on whether or not you plan to become pregnant in the future. When you are ready to conceive, you may include a few of these things in your care routine.
Changes to the diet and exercise routine: A balanced diet and more activity will help you gain weight while reducing discomfort. They can also help your body use insulin more effectively, lower blood sugar levels, and promote ovulation. Proper medication can stimulate ovulation. Regular egg discharge from the ovaries might be assisted by medication.
Additional dangers are connected to certain medications. They might raise the possibility of having twins or more during pregnancy. They might also overstimulate the ovaries. Right now, the ovaries are making too many hormones. Pelvic discomfort and abdominal bloating are possible symptoms.
What To Do If You’re Not Planning To Get Pregnant
If getting pregnant is not in your immediate plans, you can have the following procedures done:
Prescription Birth Control Tablets: This aids in regulating menstrual periods, reducing testosterone levels, and clearing up acne.
Medication To Treat Diabetes: This is frequently used to reduce insulin resistance in people with PCOS. Additionally, it might support more regular ovulation, lessen hair growth, and reduce testosterone levels. Always consider consulting a physician before taking any medication for the period of cramps.